Open Access

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2017-04-20
13:36
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03166] Journal Article
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Impact of typhoons on the composition of the upper troposphere within the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone: the SWOP campaign in Lhasa 2013
In the frame of the SWOP (sounding water vapour, ozone, and particle) campaign during the Asian summer monsoon (ASM), ozone and water vapour profiles were measured by balloon-borne sensors launched from Lhasa (29.66° N, 91.14° E, elevation 3650 m), China, in August 2013. In total, 24 soundings were launched, nearly half of which show strong variations in the relationship between ozone and water vapour in the tracer–tracer correlation in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). [...]
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2017-04-20
12:59
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03165] Journal Article
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A decadal satellite record of gravity wave activity in the lower stratosphere to study polar stratospheric cloud formation
Atmospheric gravity waves yield substantial small-scale temperature fluctuations that can trigger the formation of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs). This paper introduces a new satellite record of gravity wave activity in the polar lower stratosphere to investigate this process. [...]
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2017-04-20
12:58
Embargoed OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03164] Journal Article
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Caspase-3 and GFAP as early markers for apoptosis and astrogliosis in shRNA-induced hippocampal cytotoxicity
Genetic manipulation of cells and tissue by RNA interference has significantly contributed to the functional characterization of individual proteins and their role in physiological processes. Despite its versatility, RNA interference can have detrimental side effects, including reduced cell viability. [...]
Published on 2017-04-19. Available in OpenAccess from 2018-04-19.: Download fulltextPDF Download fulltextPDF (PDFA);

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2017-04-20
09:59
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03161] Journal Article
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Temperature and Magnetic Field Dependence of the Internal and Lattice Structures of Skyrmions by Off-Axis Electron Holography
The internal and lattice structures of magnetic Skyrmions in B20-type FeGe are investigated using off-axis electron holography. The temperature, magnetic field, and angular dependence of the magnetic moments of individual Skyrmions are analyzed. [...]
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2017-04-20
09:54
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03160] Journal Article
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Nonconventional screening of the Coulomb interaction in FexOy clusters: An ab initio study
From microscopic point-dipole model calculations of the screening of the Coulomb interaction in nonpolar systems by polarizable atoms, it is known that screening strongly depends on dimensionality. For example, in one-dimensional systems, the short-range interaction is screened, while the long-range interaction is antiscreened. [...]
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2017-04-20
07:36
Embargoed OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03150] Journal Article
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Heat and water transport in soils and across the soil-atmosphere interface: 2. Numerical analysis
In an accompanying paper, we presented an overview of a wide variety of modeling concepts, varying in complexity, used to describe evaporation from soil. Using theoretical analyses, we explained the simplifications and parameterizations in the different approaches. [...]
Published on 2017-02-03. Available in OpenAccess from 2017-08-03.: Download fulltextPDF Download fulltextPDF (PDFA);

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2017-04-20
07:35
Embargoed OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03149] Journal Article
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Heat and water transport in soils and across the soil-atmosphere interface: 1. Theory and different model concepts
Evaporation is an important component of the soil water balance. It is composed of water flow and transport processes in a porous medium that are coupled with heat fluxes and free air flow. [...]
Published on 2017-02-03. Available in OpenAccess from 2017-08-03.: Download fulltextPDF Download fulltextPDF (PDFA);

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2017-04-19
13:21
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03146] Journal Article
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A combination of mutational and computational scanning guides the design of an artificial ligand-binding controlled lipase
Allostery, i.e. the control of enzyme activity by a small molecule at a location distant from the enzyme’s active site, represents a mechanism essential for sustaining life. [...]
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2017-04-19
08:40
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03120] Journal Article
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The HD(CP)2 Observational Prototype Experiment (HOPE) – an overview
The HD(CP)2 Observational Prototype Experiment (HOPE) was performed as a major 2-month field experiment in Jülich, Germany, in April and May 2013, followed by a smaller campaign in Melpitz, Germany, in September 2013. HOPE has been designed to provide an observational dataset for a critical evaluation of the new German community atmospheric icosahedral non-hydrostatic (ICON) model at the scale of the model simulations and further to provide information on land-surface–atmospheric boundary layer exchange, cloud and precipitation processes, as well as sub-grid variability and microphysical properties that are subject to parameterizations. [...]
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2017-04-17
11:03
OpenAccess [FZJ-2017-03089] Journal Article
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Structural heterogeneity of the $μ$-opioid receptor’s conformational ensemble in the apo state
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest and most pharmaceutically relevant family of membrane proteins. Here, fully unbiased, enhanced sampling simulations of a constitutively active mutant (CAM) of a class A GPCR, the μ-opioid receptor (μOR), demonstrates repeated transitions between the inactive (IS) and active-like (AS-L) states. [...]
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